Skip to main content

NestJS JWT Auth Cookie Series - Part-1 - User Registration

This is the first installment of the NetsJS JWT Auth Cookie Series. In this part our main focus on user registration by the NestJS endpoint.

PostgreSQL Database:

For this demo, I'm using the free open-source PostgreSQL database. Here I'm going to use the PostgreSQL docker image because it is easy and fast to set up and configure. Click here to getting started with PostgreSQL docker.

Run the following database query to create the 'User' table.

 FirstName VARCHAR(200) NULL,
 LastName VARCHAR(200) NULL,
 Password VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL,
 RefreshToken VARCHAR(1000) NULL,
 RefreshTokenExp DATE NULL

Create A NestJS App:

Let's begin our demo by creating a sample NestJS application.
Command To Install NestJS CLI
npm i -g @nestjs/cli
Command To Create App
nest new your_project_name

Install ORM And PostgreSQL NPM Packages:

ORM packages are essential to install because they provide some boilerplate functional mechanism that builds the bridge between our application and database for communication.
Install NestJS Type ORM
npm install --save @nestjs/typeorm
Install NodeJS Type ORM
npm install --save typeorm
Install PostgreSQL node library.
Install NodeJS PostgreSQL
npm install --save pg

Configure PostgreSQL Settings:

Here I'm running my PostgreSQL using docker. Now we have to set up database configuration into our application to establish communication.
import { TypeOrmModule } from '@nestjs/typeorm';
// code hidden for display purpose
  imports: [
      port: 5432,
      username: 'postgres',
export class AppModule {}
  • The 'TypeOrmModule' is a generic module that can be easily compatible with most database configurations.
  • (Line: 6) The 'type' property to define the database. So here we mentioned our database is 'postgres'.
  • (Line: 7) The 'host' property to define the database host. Since our demo using docker instance, so our value will be 'localhost'.
  • (Line: 8) The default port number Postgres runs is 5432. Here I used the same port to expose from my docker instance.
  • (Line: 9-10) Database credentials like 'username' and 'password'. (Note: Since here I'm using docker, these values can be given when running the docker container.  If you don't specify the user name then the default username will be 'postgres').
  • (Line: 11) Define the name of the database.
  • (Line: 12) All table classes need to be defined in the 'entities' array.

Create User Files:

Now we have to create all user-related files like 'module', 'service', 'controller', 'entity'.
Command To Create Module File
nest g mo Users
Command To Create Service File
nest g s Users --no-spec
Command To Create Controller File
nest g co Users --no-spec
Command To Create Class File
nest g cl Users/user --no-spec
Note: Remove the 'UsersController' from 'AppModule' and register the 'UsersController' in 'UsersModule'.

User Table Entity:

Now let's update our 'src/users/user.ts' file with all table relate columns as properties.
import { Column, Entity, PrimaryColumn, PrimaryGeneratedColumn } from 'typeorm';

export class User {
  userId: number;

  firstName: string;

  lastName: string;

  email: string;

  password: string;

  @Column({ nullable: true,name:'refreshtoken' })
  refreshToken: string;

  @Column({ type: 'date', nullable: true, name:'refreshtokenexp' })
  refreshTokenExp: string;
Now register our 'User' entity in 'users.module.ts' and 'app.module.ts'.
import { TypeOrmModule } from '@nestjs/typeorm';
import { User } from './user';
// code hidden for disply purpose
  imports: [TypeOrmModule.forFeature([User])],
  providers: [UsersService],
export class UsersModule {}
import { TypeOrmModule } from '@nestjs/typeorm';
import { User } from './users/user';
// code hidden for display purpose
  imports: [
export class AppModule {}

Install BCRYPT NPM Package:

For password hashing, we will use 'bcrypt' node package.
Command For bcrypt Node Package
npm i bcrypt
Command For bcrypt Typescript Package
npm i -D @types/bcrypt

Implement Registration Logic:

Now let's create request and response models for the registration endpoint.
export class RegistrationReqModel {
  firstName: string;
  lastName: string;
  email: string;
  password: string;
  confirmPassword: string;
export class RegistrationRespModel {
  successStatus: boolean;
  message: string;
Inject the 'User' repository instance into the 'UserService'.
import { Injectable } from '@nestjs/common';
import { InjectRepository } from '@nestjs/typeorm';
import { RegistrationReqModel } from 'src/models/registration.req.model';
import { RegistrationRespModel } from 'src/models/registration.resp.model';
import { Repository } from 'typeorm';
import { User } from './user';
import * as bcrypt from 'bcrypt';

export class UsersService {
  constructor(@InjectRepository(User) private user: Repository<User>) {}
Add logic to validate the registration payload before creating the new user.
private async registrationValidation(regModel: RegistrationReqModel): Promise<string> 
    if (! {
      return "Email can't be empty";

    const emailRule =
    if (!emailRule.test( {
      return 'Invalid email';

    const user = await this.user.findOne({ email: });
    if (user != null && {
      return 'Email already exist';

    if (regModel.password !== regModel.confirmPassword) {
      return 'Confirm password not matching';
    return '';
  • Here we implemented few rules like email validation, email already exists or not, comparing password value with confirm password.
Now using 'bcrypt' package we have to hash our password before saving to the database.
private async getPasswordHash(password: string): Promise<string> {
 const hash = await bcrypt.hash(password, 10);
 return hash;
Now let's create our entry method of our user registration.
public async registerUser(
    regModel: RegistrationReqModel,
  ): Promise<RegistrationRespModel> {
    let result = new RegistrationRespModel();

    const errorMessage = await this.registrationValidation(regModel);
    if (errorMessage) {
      result.message = errorMessage;
      result.successStatus = false;

      return result;

    let newUser = new User();
    newUser.firstName = regModel.firstName;
    newUser.lastName = regModel.lastName; =;
    newUser.password = await this.getPasswordHash(regModel.password);

     await this.user.insert(newUser);
    result.successStatus = true;
    result.message = 'success';
    return result;
Let's create our registration endpoint.
import { Body, Controller,   Post } from '@nestjs/common';
import { RegistrationReqModel } from 'src/models/registration.req.model';
import { UsersService } from './users.service';

export class UsersController {

    constructor(private userService:UsersService){}

    async registerUser(@Body() reg: RegistrationReqModel){
        return await this.userService.registerUser(reg);
Now test the registration endpoint.
Open Postgres Docker interactive terminal and query the recently registered user record.

So that's all about the NetstJS user registration. In the next part, we will create a jwt auth cookie.

Video Session:

Support Me!
Buy Me A Coffee PayPal Me

Wrapping Up:

Hopefully, I think this article delivered some useful information on NestJS user registration. I love to have your feedback, suggestions, and better techniques in the comment section below.


Source Code

Follow Me:


Popular posts from this blog

.NET6 Web API CRUD Operation With Entity Framework Core

In this article, we are going to do a small demo on AspNetCore 6 Web API CRUD operations. What Is Web API: Web API is a framework for building HTTP services that can be accessed from any client like browser, mobile devices, desktop apps. In simple terminology API(Application Programming Interface) means an interface module that contains a programming function that can be requested via HTTP calls to save or fetch the data for their respective clients. Some of the key characteristics of API: Supports HTTP verbs like 'GET', 'POST', 'PUT', 'DELETE', etc. Supports default responses like 'XML' and 'JSON'. Also can define custom responses. Supports self-hosting or individual hosting, so that all different kinds of apps can consume it. Authentication and Authorization are easy to implement. The ideal platform to build REST full services. Create A .NET6 Web API Application: Let's create a .Net6 Web API sample application to accomplish our

Blazor WebAssembly Custom Authentication From Scratch

In this article, we are going to explore and implement custom authentication from the scratch. In this sample, we will use JWT authentication for user authentication. Main Building Blocks Of Blazor WebAssembly Authentication: The core concepts of blazor webassembly authentication are: AuthenticationStateProvider Service AuthorizeView Component Task<AuthenticationState> Cascading Property CascadingAuthenticationState Component AuthorizeRouteView Component AuthenticationStateProvider Service - this provider holds the authentication information about the login user. The 'GetAuthenticationStateAsync()' method in the Authentication state provider returns user AuthenticationState. The 'NotifyAuthenticationStateChaged()' to notify the latest user information within the components which using this AuthenticationStateProvider. AuthorizeView Component - displays different content depending on the user authorization state. This component uses the AuthenticationStateProvider

How Response Caching Works In Asp.Net Core

What Is Response Caching?: Response Caching means storing of response output and using stored response until it's under it's the expiration time. Response Caching approach cuts down some requests to the server and also reduces some workload on the server. Response Caching Headers: Response Caching carried out by the few Http based headers information between client and server. Main Response Caching Headers are like below Cache-Control Pragma Vary Cache-Control Header: Cache-Control header is the main header type for the response caching. Cache-Control will be decorated with the following directives. public - this directive indicates any cache may store the response. private - this directive allows to store response with respect to a single user and can't be stored with shared cache stores. max-age - this directive represents a time to hold a response in the cache. no-cache - this directive represents no storing of response and always fetch the fr

A Small Guide On NestJS Queues

NestJS Application Queues helps to deal with application scaling and performance challenges. When To Use Queues?: API request that mostly involves in time taking operations like CPU bound operation, doing them synchronously which will result in thread blocking. So to avoid these issues, it is an appropriate way to make the CPU-bound operation separate background job.  In nestjs one of the best solutions for these kinds of tasks is to implement the Queues. For queueing mechanism in the nestjs application most recommended library is '@nestjs/bull'(Bull is nodejs queue library). The 'Bull' depends on Redis cache for data storage like a job. So in this queueing technique, we will create services like 'Producer' and 'Consumer'. The 'Producer' is used to push our jobs into the Redis stores. The consumer will read those jobs(eg: CPU Bound Operations) and process them. So by using this queues technique user requests processed very fastly because actually

Usage Of CancellationToken In Asp.Net Core Applications

When To Use CancellationToken?: In a web application request abortion or orphan, requests are quite common. On users disconnected by network interruption or navigating between multiple pages before proper response or closing of the browser, tabs make the request aborted or orphan. An orphan request can't deliver a response to the client, but it will execute all steps(like database calls, HTTP calls, etc) at the server. Complete execution of an orphan request at the server might not be a problem generally if at all requests need to work on time taking a job at the server in those cases might be nice to terminate the execution immediately. So CancellationToken can be used to terminate a request execution at the server immediately once the request is aborted or orphan. Here we are going to see some sample code snippets about implementing a CancellationToken for Entity FrameworkCore, Dapper ORM, and HttpClient calls in Asp.NetCore MVC application. Note: The sample codes I will show in

.Net5 Web API Managing Files Using Azure Blob Storage

In this article, we are going to understand the different file operations like uploading, reading, downloading, and deleting in .Net5 Web API application using Azure Blob Storage. Azure Blob Storage: Azure blob storage is Microsoft cloud storage. Blob storage can store a massive amount of file data as unstructured data. The unstructured data means not belong to any specific type, which means text or binary data. So something like images or pdf or videos to store in the cloud, then the most recommended is to use the blob store. The key component to creating azure blob storage resource: Storage Account:- A Storage account gives a unique namespace in Azure for all the data we will save. Every object that we store in Azure Storage has an address. The address is nothing but the unique name of our Storage Account name. The combination of the account name and the Azure Storage blob endpoint forms the base address for each object in our Storage account. For example, if our Storage Account is n

.Net5 Web API Redis Cache Using StackExchange.Redis.Extensions.AspNetCore Library

In this article, we are going to explore the integration of Redis cache in .Net5 Web API application using the 'StackExchange.Redis.Exntensions' library. Note:- Microsoft has introduced an 'IDistributedCache' interface in dotnet core which supports different cache stores like In-Memory, Redis, NCache, etc. It is simple and easy to work with  'IDistributedCache', for the Redis store with limited features but if we want more features of the Redis store we can choose to use 'StackExchange.Redis.Extensions'.  Click here for Redis Cache Integration Using IDistributedCache Interface . Overview On StackExchange.Redis.Extnesions Library: The 'StackExchange.Redis.Extension' library extended from the main library 'StackExchange.Redis'. Some of the key features of this library like: Default serialization and deserialization. Easy to save and fetch complex objects. Search key. Multiple Database Access Setup Redis Docker Instance: For this sampl

Part-1 Angular JWT Authentication Using HTTP Only Cookie[Angular V13]

In this article, we are going to implement a sample angular application authentication using HTTP only cookie that contains a JWT token. HTTP Only JWT Cookie: In a SPA(Single Page Application) Authentication JWT token either can be stored in browser 'LocalStorage' or in 'Cookie'. Storing JWT token inside of the cookie then the cookie should be HTTP Only. The HTTP-Only cookie nature is that it will be only accessible by the server application. Client apps like javascript-based apps can't access the HTTP-Only cookie. So if we use authentication with HTTP only JWT cookie then we no need to implement custom logic like adding authorization header or storing token data, etc at our client application. Because once the user authenticated cookie will be automatically sent to the server by the browser on every API call. Authentication API: To implement JWT cookie authentication we need to set up an API. For that, I had created a mock authentication API(Using the NestJS Se

Endpoint Routing In Asp.Net Core

How Routing Works In  Core 2.1 And Below Versions?: In Asp.Net Core routing is configured using app.UseRouter() or app.UseMvc() middleware. app.UseMvc(routes => { routes.MapRoute( name: "default", template: "{controller=Home}/{action=Index}/{id?}"); }); Here in Dotnet Core version 2.1 or below versions on the execution of route middleware request will be navigated appropriate controller matched to the route. An operation or functionality which is dependent on route URL or route values and that need to be implemented before the execution of route middleware can be done by accessing the route path from the current request context as below app.Use(async (context, next) => { if(context.Request.Path.Value.IndexOf("oldvehicle") != -1) { context.Response.Redirect("vehicle"); } else { await next(); } }); app.UseMvc(routes => { routes.MapRoute( name: "vehicleRoute", template: "vehicle", defaul

Unit Testing Asp.NetCore Web API Using xUnit[.NET6]

In this article, we are going to write test cases to an Asp.NetCore Web API(.NET6) application using the xUnit. xUnit For .NET: The xUnit for .Net is a free, open-source, community-focused unit testing tool for .NET applications. By default .Net also provides a xUnit project template to implement test cases. Unit test cases build upon the 'AAA' formula that means 'Arrange', 'Act' and 'Assert' Arrange - Declaring variables, objects, instantiating mocks, etc. Act - Calling or invoking the method that needs to be tested. Assert - The assert ensures that code behaves as expected means yielding expected output. Create An API And Unit Test Projects: Let's create a .Net6 Web API and xUnit sample applications to accomplish our demo. We can use either Visual Studio 2022 or Visual Studio Code(using .NET CLI commands) to create any.Net6 application. For this demo, I'm using the 'Visual Studio Code'(using the .NET CLI command) editor. Create a fo